David R. Shaffer

Josiah Meigs Distinguished Teaching Professor Emeritus

Basic Information

401 Psychology Building
Phone Number:

Research Interests

Social Psychology

Attitudes and attitude change, close relationships, extralegal influences on juridic decisions

Developmental Psychology

Development of self-concept and self-esteem, family caregiving, sex-typing and sex-role development, psychological contributors to elder abuse

Selected Publications

Articles (Recent and Selected)

Morse, J. Q., Shaffer, D. R., Williamson, G. M., Dooley, W. K., & Schulz, R. (2012). Models of self and others and their relation to positive and negative caregiving responses. Psychology and Aging, 27, 211-218.

Dooley, W. K., Shaffer, D. R., & Williamson, G. M. (2007). Informal care can be better than adequate: Development and evaluation of the Exemplary Care Scale. Rehabilitation Psychology.

Shaffer, D. R., Dooley, W. K., & Williamson, G. W. (2007). Endorsement of proactively aggressive caregiving strategies moderates the relationship between caregiver mental health and potentially harmful caregiver behavior. Psychology and Aging, 22, 494-504.

Shaffer, D. R., & Williamson, G. M. (2006). Shall we select selective investment theory? A viewpoint from the informal care arena. Psychological Inquiry, 17, 51-55.

Shaffer, D. R., & Wittes, E. (2006). Women's precollege sports participation, enjoyment of sports, and self-esteem. Sex Roles, 55, 225-233.

Peck, S. R., Shaffer, D. R., & Williamson, G. M. (2004). Sexual satisfaction and relationship satisfaction in dating couples: The contributions of relationship communality and favorability of sexual exchanges. Journal of Psychology and Human Sexuality, 16, 17-37.

Shaffer, D. R., & Augustine, M. L. (2003). Affective mediation of homophobic reactions to homosexual males. Journal of Psychology and Human Sexuality, 14, 67-85.

Shaffer, D. R., & Collier, C. A. (2003). Activation and use of stereotyped beliefs in personnel decisions: A mock football draft. Advances in Psychology Research, 14, 185-196.

Morrison, M. M., & Shaffer, D. R. (2003). Gender-role congruence and self-referencing as determinants of advertising effectiveness. Sex Roles, 49, 265-275.

Williamson, G. M., Walters, A. S., & Shaffer, D. R. (2002). Caregiver models of self and others, coping and depression: Predictors of depression in children with chronic pain. Health Psychology, 21, 405-410.

Books (Recent and Selected)

Shaffer, D. R., & Kipp, K. (2014). Developmental psychology: Childhood and adolescence (9th ed.). Belmont, CA: Cengage.

Shaffer, D. R. (2009). Social and personality development (6th ed.). Belmont, CA: Cengage.

Williamson, G.M., Shaffer, D.R., & Parmelee, P.A. (2000). Physical illness and depression in older adults: A handbook of theory, research, and practice. New York: Plenum.

Chapters (Recent and Selected)

Shaffer, D. R., & Williamson, G. M. (2007). Age and cognitive functioning. In S. Ayers, A. Baum, C. McManus, S. Newman, K. Wallston, J. Weinman, & R. West (Eds.), Cambridge handbook of psychology, health, & medicine (2nd ed., pp. 15-20). Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.

Williamson, G. M., & Shaffer, D. R. (2007). Age and physical functioning. In S. Ayers, A. Baum, C. McManus, S. Newman, K. Wallston, J. Weinman, & R. West (Eds.), Cambridge handbook of psychology, health, & medicine (2nd ed., pp. 10-14). Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.

Selected Professional Activities

Associate Editor, Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 1975-1977

Associate Editor, Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1978-1980

Associate Editor, Journal of Personality, 1981-1986

Consulting Editor, Review of Personality and Social Psychology, 1980-1988

Honors and Awards

Josiah Meigs Award for Instruction, University of Georgia, 1990

Outstanding Graduate Teaching Award, PSI CHI, The National Honorary Society in Psychology, 1990

Distinguished Alumnus, Humboldt State University, 1994

Honored as co-founder of the Society of Southeastern Social Psychologists (SSSP), 1998

Karen S. Calhoun

Professor Emerita

Basic Information

162 Psychology Building
Phone Number:


Ph.D., Louisiana State University

Research Interests

My research focuses on the causes, consequences, and prevention of sexual aggression. This encompasses two general areas: 1) the victims of sexual aggression, especially consequences such as PTSD and risk of revictimization, and 2) the characteristics of sexually aggressive men, including personality, attitudes and social behavior. A major project recently completed evaluated a prevention program designed to reduce the risk of revictimization. Related work on prevention as well as basic processes such as memory and attention is underway.

Selected Publications

Bernat, J.A., Ronfeldt, H., Calhoun, K.S., & Arias, I. (1998) Prevalence of traumatic events and peritraumatic predictors of posttraumatic stress symptoms in a nonclinical sample of college students. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 11, 645-663.

Bernat, J.A., Calhoun, K.S., & Stolp, S. (1998) Sexually aggressive men's responses to a date rape analogue: Alcohol as a disinhibiting factor. Journal of Sex Research, 35, 341-348.

Bernat, J.A., Wilson, A., & Calhoun, K.S. (1999) Sexual coercion history, calloused sexual beliefs and judgments of sexual coercion in a date rape analogue. Violence and Victims, 14, 1-14.

Wilson, A., Calhoun, K.S., & Bernat, J.A. (1999) Risk recognition and trauma-related symptoms among sexually re-victimized women. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 67, 705-710.

Bernat, J.A., Calhoun, K.S., & Adams, H.E. (1999) Sexually aggressive and nonaggressive men: Sexual arousal and judgments in response to date rape and consensual analogues.Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 108, 662-673.

Kimerling, R., Calhoun, K.S., Forehand, R.L., Armistead, L., Morse, E., Simon, P., & Clark, R. (1999) Traumatic stress in HIV-infection in women. AIDS Education and Prevention, 11 (4), 321-330.

Clum, G.A., Calhoun, K.S., & Kimerling, R. (2000) Symptoms of depression and PTSD and associations among self-reported health in sexually assaulted women. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 188, 671-678.

Calhoun, K.S., & Wilson, A.E. (2000) Rape and sexual aggression. In L. Szuchman & F. Muscarella (Eds.), Psychological Perspectives on Human Sexually. New York: Wiley & Sons. 573-602.

Resick, P.A. & Calhoun, K.S. (2001) Posttraumatic stress disorder. In D.H. Barlow, (Ed.) Clinical Handbook of Psychological Disorders (Third Edition) New York: Guilford Press.

Marx, B.P., Calhoun, K.S., Wilson, A.E., & Meyerson, L. (2001) Sexual revictimization prevention: An outcome evaluation.Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 69, 25-32.

Corbin, W.R., Bernat, J.A., Calhoun K.S., McNair, L.D., & Seals, K. (2001) The role of alcohol expectancies and alcohol consumption among sexually victimized and nonvictimized college women. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 16, 297-311.

Clum, G.A., Nishith, P., & Calhoun K.S. (2002) A preliminary investigation of alcohol use during trauma and peritraumatic reactions in female sexual assault victims. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 15, 321-338.

Wilson, A.E., Calhoun, K.S., & McNair, L.D. (2002) Alcohol consumption and expectancies among sexually coercive college men. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 17, 1145-1159.

Mentoring Philosophy

Development of research skills is fostered through collaborative work with graduate students beginning with involving them in ongoing team projects in the first year and assisting them in developing increasingly independent projects. Research meetings are held weekly. Mentoring is aimed at giving students the skills they will need for success in academic and research careers. This includes writing for journal publication and grants. Almost all students are successful in publishing their work during their graduate tenure.

Clinical Interests

Clinical work is with a general adult population who have a wide variety of disorders. Victims of violence and abuse are a special focus. Clinical practicum training focuses on empirically supported treatment approaches and includes weekly team meetings, weekly individual supervision meetings, and extensive use of videotape and live observation.

James Calhoun

Retired Professor

Basic Information


Ph.D., University of Illinois, 1969

Selected Professional Activities

American Psychological Association (APA)
Southeastern Psychological Association (SEPA)
Georgia Psychological Association (GPA), Committee Chair
Athens Area Psychological Association (AAPA)
American Board of Professional Psychologists (AABP)
University of Georgia Program Evaluation Committee, Chair
Franklin College Outreach Program, Speaker

Irwin Bernstein

Distinguished Research Professor Emeritus

Basic Information

602 Psychology Building
Phone Number:

Research Interests

My research interests focus on the social organization of nonhuman primates with an emphasis on the expression and control of agonistic and reproductive behavior. Work is done in both field and captive settings with a variety of taxa being used in a comparative framework. Ontogeny, dominance, hormones and stress have been central issues.

Selected Publications

Bernstein, I.S. (2003). The study of things that I have never seen. American Journal of Primatology, 60, 77-84.

Cooper, M.A. & Bernstein, I.S. (2002). Counter aggression and reconciliation in assamese macaques, Macaca assamensis. American Journal of Primatology, 56, 215-230.

Cooper, M., Bernstein, I., Fragaszy, D., and de Waal, F. (2001). Integration of new males into four social groups of tufted capuchins (Cebus apella). International Journal of Primatology, 22,4, 663-683.

Bernstein, I.S. (2001). Why do animals move and what does it mean. A book review of: "On the Move and Why Animals Travel in Groups" by Boinski and Garber. American Journal of Primatology, 133-135.

Srivastava, A., Das, J., Biswas, J., Buzarbarua, P., Sarkar, P., Bernstein, I.S. & Mohnot, S.M. (2001). Population decline in response to habitat loss: Borajan Reserve Forest of Assam India. Primates 42, 401-406.

Bernstein, I.S. (2000) Cognitive capacities of Old World monkeys based on studies of social behavior. In "Old World Monkeys". Whitehead, P.F. and Jolly, C.J. (eds), Cambridge University Press, 368-392.

Matheson, M.D. and Bernstein, I.S. (2000) Grooming, social bonding and agonistic aiding in rhesus monkeys. American Journal of Primatology 51:177-186.

Bernstein, I.S. and Cooper, M.A. (1999) Dominance in Assamese macaques (Macaca assamensis).American Journal of Primatology 48:283-289.

Bernstein, I.S. (1999) The study of behavior (176-180) and Kinship and behavior of nonhuman primates (202-205) In The Nonhuman Primates. Dohlinow, P. and Fuentes, A. (eds) Mayfield Mountain View California.

Bernstein, I.S. (1998) Old World monkeys (456-464) and Agonistic behavior (635-636) In Comparative Psychology: A Handbook. Greenberg, G. and Haraway, M.W. (eds) Garland New York.

Selected Professional Activities

I am a member of the American Association of Primatologists, the International Primate Society and Animal Behavior Society. I am active in editorial reviews and grant reviewing and have served as an officer in several societies. I was also active in University governance.

Teaching Interests

My teaching includes: Primate Phylogeny, Primate Social Organization, Sociobiology, Developmental Psychology, Experimental Methods, and Introductory Honors Psychology. I have a strong background in Evolutionary Biology and an interest in Evolutionary Psychology. I am very keen on experimental rigor and design.

Mentoring Philosophy

I will give you as much guidance as you ask for. I will not give you specific directions or projects. Your work will be your own. I will serve as your mentor, but if I have not hired you as a technician, you do not work for me. If we collaborate, I will make my expectations clear from the start. I am very demanding with regards to design, analysis, logic and writing. I believe that getting it right is more important than getting it done quickly. I expect your dedication to your chosen science to come first in your life.