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W. Keith Campbell

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Behavioral and Brain Sciences Program

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Ph.D., University of North Carolina, 1997

Assessment and Procedures

Geek Culture Engagement Scale (GCES)

Geek Identity Scale

Psychological Entitlement Scale (PES, Appendix B) (Polish Translation) (Japanese Translation) (Spanish Translation) (ChineseTranslation) (Chinese Translation) The PES is free for research use - there is no need to ask for permission.

Narcissistic Personality Inventory - 13

The Relationship Closeness Induction Task

Exploration Scale (Green & Campbell, 2000)


Twenge, J. M. & Campbell, W. K. (2016). Personality Psychology: Understanding yourself and others. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson.

Campbell, W. K. & Miller, J. D. (2011). The handbook of narcissism and narcissistic personality disorder: Theoretical approaches, empirical findings, and treatments.  Hoboken, N.J.: John Wiley & Sons.

Twenge, J. M., Campbell, W. K. (2009). The narcissism epidemic: Living in the age of entitlement. New York: Free Press.

Campbell, W. K. (2005). When you love a man who loves himself: How to deal with a one-way relationship. Chicago: Sourcebooks Casablanca. (translated into Polish, 2006)

Selected Publications

Sedikides, C., & Campbell, W. K. (2017). Narcissistic force meets systemic resistance: The energy clash model. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 12(3), 400-421.

McCain, J. L., & Campbell, W. K. (2016). Narcissism and Social Media Use: A Meta-Analytic Review. Psychology of Popular Media Culture.

Miller, J. D., Lynam, D. R., Hyatt, C. S., & Campbell, W. K. (2017). Controversies in narcissism. Annual Review of Clinical Psychology, 13, 291-315.

Miller, J. D., McCain, J., Lynam, D. R., Few, L. R., Gentile, B., MacKillop, J., & Campbell, W.    K. (2014). A comparison of the criterion validity of popular measures of narcissism and narcissistic personality disorder via the use of expert ratings. Psychological Assessment, 26, 958-969.

Miller, J. D., McCain, J., Lynam, D. R., Few, L. R., Gentile, B., MacKillop, J., & Campbell, W. K. (2014, April 28). A Comparison of the Criterion Validity of Popular Measures of Narcissism and Narcissistic Personality Disorder via the Use of Expert Ratings. Psychological Assessment. Advance online publication.

Twenge, J. M., Campbell, W. K. & Gentile, B. (2012). Increases in individualistic words and phrases in American books, 1960-2008. PLoS ONE.

Twenge, J. M., Campbell, W. K., & Gentile, B. (2012). Generational increases in agentic self- evaluations among American college students, 1966-2009. Self and Identity, 11, 409-427.

Twenge, J.M., Campbell, W. K., & Freeman, E. C. (2012). Generational differences in young adults’ life goals, concern for others, and civic orientation, 1966-2009. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 102, 1045-1062.

Campbell, W. K., Hoffman, B. J., Campbell, S. M., & Marchisio, G. (2011). Narcissism in organizational contexts. Human Resource Management Review, 21, 268-284.

Miller, J. D., Widiger, T. A., & Campbell, W. K. (2010). Narcissistic Personality Disorder and the DSM-5. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 119, 640-649.

Twenge, J. M., Abebe, E. M., & Campbell, W. K. (2010). Fitting in or standing out: Trends in American parents’ choices for children’s names, 1880-2007. Social Psychological and Personality Science, 1, 19-25.

Finkel, E. J., Campbell, W. K., Buffardi, L. E., Kumashiro, M., & Rusbult, C. E. (2009). The Metamorphosis of Narcissus: Communal activation promotes relationship commitment among narcissists. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 35, 1271-1284.

Campbell, W. K., & Campbell, S. M. (2009). On the self-regulatory dynamics created by the peculiar benefits and costs of narcissism: A Contextual Reinforcement Model and examination of leadership. Self and Identity, 2-3, 214-232.

Bosson, J. K., Lakey, C. E., Campbell, W. K., Zeigler-Hill, V., Jordan, C. H., & Kernis, M. H. (2008). Untangling the Links Between Narcissism and Self esteem: A Theoretical and Empirical Review. Social and Personality Psychology Compass, 2, 1415-1439

Buffardi, L. E., & Campbell, W. K. (2008). Narcissism and social networking websites. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 34, 1303-1324.

Krusemark, E. A., Campbell, W. K., & Clementz, B. A. (2008). Attributions, deception, and event related potentials: An investigation of the self-serving bias. Psychophysiology, 45, 511-515

Miller, J. D. & Campbell, W. K. (2008). Comparing clinical and social-personality conceptualizations of narcissism. Journal of Personality, 76, 449-476.

Twenge, J. M. & Campbell, W. K. (2008). Increases in positive self-views among high school students: Birth cohort changes in anticipated performance, self-satisfaction, self-liking, and self-competence. Psychological Science, 19, 1082-1086.

Twenge, J. M., Konrath, S., Foster, J. D., Campbell, W. K., & Bushman, B. J. (2008). Egos inflating over time: A cross-temporal meta-analysis of the Narcissistic Personality Inventory. Journal of Personality, 76, 875-902 .

Campbell, W. K., Bonacci, A. M., Shelton, J., Exline, J. J., & Bushman, B. J. (2004). Psychological entitlement: Interpersonal consequences and validation of a new self-report measure.Journal of Personality Assessment, 83, 29-45. (Paper includes Psychological Entitlement Scale (PES) in appendix) 

Articles Featuring W. Keith Campbell

Dr. Keith Campbell’s new book, in collaboration with Grady College alumna Carolyn Crist, was recently released: “The New Science of Narcissism: Understanding one of the greatest Psychological challenges of our time – and what you can do about it”.

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